Ideally utility-scale solar projects should be sited on land that is not required for agricultural production, and does not affect sites of scientific, ecological or recreational value.
A wide variety of different approaches have been used:
A good approach is often to re-purpose sites whose previous use is now redundant. Examples include former:
Solar projects can often co-exist with other developed land-use, for example:
Land that has low agricultural value is often suitable. Some countries also designate certain types of land as being more suitable for solar installations:
Agricultural land is often used, especially when it is not very productive, or is not required for crop production.
Increasingly solar projects are also being deployed on water, such as:
Where we have specific information about the existing or former land-use of sites used for specific projects, this is held in the Wiki-Solar Database.
Separate maps for projects using some of the most common options are available - use the pull-down menu under 'Land-Use' above.
What types of equipment and design are used in the plants in the Wiki-Solar Database?